Mullis, Nobel Prize winner in Chemistry
following was written by Kary Mullis for the introduction to the
book "Inventing the AIDS Virus" by Peter H. Duesberg (Regnery Publishing,
INC; Washington DC, 1996):
1988 I was working as a consultant at Specialty Labs in Santa Monica,
CA, setting up analytic routines for the Human Immunodeficiency
Virus (HIV). I knew a lot about setting up analytic routines for
anything with nucleic acids in it because I invented the Polymerase
Chain Reaction. That's why they hired me.
Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), on the other hand, was something
I did not know a lot about. Thus, when I found myself writing a
report on our progress and goals for the project, sponsored by the
National Institutes of Health, I recognized that I did not know
the scientific reference to support a statement I had just written:
"HIV is the probable cause of AIDS."
I turned to the virologist at the next desk, a reliable and competent
fellow, and asked him for the reference. He said I didn't need one.
I disagreed. While it's true that certain scientific discoveries
or techniques are so well established that their sources are no
longer referenced in the contemporary literature, that didn't seem
to be the case with the HIV/AIDS connection. It was totally remarkable
to me that the individual who had discovered the cause of a deadly
and as-yet-uncured disease would not be continually referenced in
the scientific papers until that disease was cured and forgotten.
But as I would soon learn, the name of that individual - who would
surely be Nobel material - was on the tip of no one's tongue.
course, this simple reference had to be out there somewhere. Otherwise,
tens of thousands of public servants and esteemed scientists of
many callings, trying to solve the tragic deaths of a large number
of homosexual and/or intravenous (IV) drug-using men between the
ages of twenty-five and forty, would not have allowed their research
to settle into one narrow channel of investigation. Everyone wouldn't
fish in the same pond unless it was well established that all the
other ponds were empty. There had to be a published paper, or perhaps
several of them, which taken together indicated that HIV was the
probable cause of AIDS. There just had to be.
did computer searches, but came up with nothing. Of course, you
can miss something important in computer searches by not putting
in just the right key words. To be certain about a scientific issue,
it's best to ask other scientists directly. That's one thing that
scientific conferences in faraway places with nice beaches are for.
was going to a lot of meetings and conferences as part of my job.
I got in the habit of approaching anyone who gave a talk about AIDS
and asking him or her what reference I should quote for that increasingly
problematic statement, "HIV is the probable cause of AIDS."
ten or fifteen meetings over a couple years, I was getting pretty
upset when no one could cite the reference. I didn't like the ugly
conclusion that was forming in my mind: The entire campaign against
a disease increasingly regarded as a twentieth century Black Plague
was based on a hypothesis whose origins no one could recall. That
defied both scientific and common sense.
I had an opportunity to question one of the giants in HIV and AIDS
research, DL Luc Montagnier of the Pasteur Institute, when he gave
a talk in San Diego. It would be the last time I would be able to
ask my little question without showing anger, and I figured Montagnier
would know the answer. So I asked him.
a look of condescending puzzlement, Montagnier said, "Why don't
you quote the report from the Centers for Disease Control? "
replied, "It doesn't really address the issue of whether or
not HIV is the probable cause of AIDS, does it?"
he admitted, no doubt wondering when I would just go away. He looked
for support to the little circle of people around him, but they
were all awaiting a more definitive response, like I was.
don't you quote the work on SIV [Simian Immunodeficiency Virus]?"
the good doctor offered.
read that too, DL Montagnier," I responded. "What happened
to those monkeys didn't remind me of AIDS. Besides, that paper was
just published only a couple of months ago. I'm looking for the
original paper where somebody showed that HIV caused AIDS.
time, DL Montagnier's response was to walk quickly away to greet
an acquaintance across the room.
to the scene inside my car just a few years ago. I was driving from
Mendocino to San Diego. Like everyone else by now, I knew a lot
more about AIDS than I wanted to. But I still didn't know who had
determined that it was caused by HIV. Getting sleepy as I came over
the San Bernardino Mountains, I switched on the radio and tuned
in a guy who was talking about AIDS. His name was Peter Duesberg,
and he was a prominent virologist at Berkeley. I'd heard of him,
but had never read his papers or heard him speak. But I listened,
now wide awake, while he explained exactly why I was having so much
trouble finding the references that linked HIV to AIDS. There weren't
any. No one had ever proved that HIV causes AIDS. When I got home,
I invited Duesberg down to San Diego to present his ideas to a meeting
of the American Association for Chemistry. Mostly skeptical at first,
the audience stayed for the lecture, and then an hour of questions,
and then stayed talking to each other until requested to clear the
room. Everyone left with more questions than they had brought.
like and respect Peter Duesberg. I don't think he knows necessarily
what causes AIDS; we have disagreements about that. But we're both
certain about what doesn't cause AIDS.
have not been able to discover any good reasons why most of the
people on earth believe that AIDS is a disease caused by a virus
called HIV. There is simply no scientific evidence demonstrating
that this is true.
have also not been able to discover why doctors prescribe a toxic
drug called AZT (Zidovudine) to people who have no other complaint
other than the fact that they have the presence of antibodies to
HIV in their blood. In fact, we cannot understand why humans would
take this drug for any reason.
cannot understand how all this madness came about, and having both
lived in Berkeley, we've seen some strange things indeed. We know
that to err is human, but the HIV/AIDS hypothesis is one hell of
say this rather strongly as a warning. Duesberg has been saying
it for a long time.